SWS: 13.5 million Filipinos unemployed in Q2 2021

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Metro Manila (CNN Philippines, September 9) — Around 13.5 million adult Filipinos were jobless in the second quarter of the year, a survey by the Social Weather Stations (SWS) revealed.

The latest data is higher than the 12.2 million unemployed Filipinos recorded in the first quarter of 2021.

“The national Social Weather Survey of June 23-26, 2021, found adult joblessness at 27.6% of the adult labor force. This is 1.8 points above the 25.8% in May 2021 and 10.1 points above the pre-pandemic level of 17.5% in December 2019,” SWS said.

The poll body defines Labor Force as adults aged 18 years old and above currently with a job and those looking for one.

Meanwhile, jobless people are those who voluntarily left their previous jobs, are first-time job seekers, or those who had lost their jobs due to economic circumstances beyond their control.

SWS also noted that joblessness “reached a catastrophic level of 45.5% in July 2020. It eased to 39.5% in September 2020, 27.3% in November 2020, and 25.8% in May 2021 before rising to 27.6% in June 2021.”

The survey also said joblessness rose in both Metro Manila (40.9% in June 2021 from 30.8% in May 2021) and Balance Luzon (30.9% from 24.2%).

The percentage, however, fell in Visayas (to 21.3% from 28.7%) and Mindanao (19.2% from 23%).

SWS also reported that more women were jobless rising to 38.3% from 29%. Unemployment figures fell among men to 19.8% from 23.6%.

“This brings the women-men joblessness gap to 18 points, up from 5 points in May 2021,” it added.

Jobless numbers rose in both urban and rural areas. Percentages went up to 30.7% from 28% and 25.3% from 23.3%, respectively.

The latest survey used face-to-face interviews of 1,200 adults across the country, with sampling error margins at ±3% for national percentages and ±6% for Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao.