LIST: Petitions against Bongbong Marcos' 2022 presidential bid

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Metro Manila (CNN Philippines, December 8)— Presidential aspirant Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos Jr. is facing numerous petitions challenging his candidacy ahead of the 2022 polls.

Over the past months, different groups have filed their pleas before the Commission on Elections to prevent the son and namesake of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos from retaking Malacañang. These are the following:

1. Buenafe, et al. vs Marcos: Petition to cancel Certificate of Candidacy

Status: Dismissed, to be appealed

On Nov. 2, a group of civic leaders led by priest Christian Buenafe of the Task Force Detainees of the Philippines and Fides Lim of political prisoners' group KAPATID filed a petition against Marcos, arguing that he was not qualified to run as he was convicted by a Quezon City court for his multiple failures to file income tax returns from 1982 to 1985 when he was governor and vice governor of Ilocos Norte.

The petitioners argued that Marcos committed a crime of moral turpitude and perjury for making false representations in his COC on his eligibility to seek the presidency despite his tax conviction. Theodore Te, a former Supreme Court spokesperson, serves as lead counsel for the group.

Comelec’s Second Division on Jan. 17 dismissed the petition and ruled that there was no ground to cancel Marcos' COC on the ground of material misrepresentation. Te's camp is set to appeal the decision to the Comelec en banc.

RELATED: Comelec division denies petition to cancel Marcos' presidential bid 

Bautista, et al. vs Marcos: Petition-in-intervention in cancellation plea

Status: Dismissed

Civil society groups and professionals led by Dr. Rommel Bautista filed on Nov. 8 a petition-in-intervention through lawyer Howard Calleja to join in the previously submitted plea, since the period to file petitions to cancel a COC has already lapsed. The group also cited Marcos’ tax conviction, but argued that a violation of the tax code imposes perpetual disqualification from public office.

Marcos’ allies separately filed an answer-in-intervention — one from Partido Federal ng Pilipinas and another one from Marcos' spokesperson Vic Rodriguez, PFP president Reynaldo Tamayo, and secretary general Thomson Lantion — calling to dismiss the petition.

On Dec. 13, the poll body rejected these three interventions altogether and declared that it will no longer entertain similar submissions in the future after causing "unduly delay" on the status of the main plea.

RELATED: Comelec denies all interventions linked to main petition vs Marcos Jr.

2. Tiburcio Marcos vs Marcos: Petition to cancel COC

Status: Dismissed, copy of the decision pending

Tiburcio Marcos, an independent presidential aspirant, filed a petition seeking to cancel his rival’s bid, claiming that the latter already died and was replaced by an impostor who filed a COC in his stead. The Comelec informed the media about the case on Nov. 18. The petition was also raffled off to the poll body’s Second Division nearly a week later.

The former senator’s camp filed a petition asking Comelec to declare Tiburcio a nuisance candidate, noting that his inclusion in the official list would only confuse voters.

The division junked the petition on Jan. 4, but spokesperson James Jimenez said the Comelec has yet to release a copy of the decision to make it official.

3. Lihaylihay vs Marcos: Petition to declare as nuisance candidate

Status: Dismissed, under appeal

Danilo Lihaylihay, another presidential aspirant, sought to block Marcos’ candidacy by filing a petition to declare him as a nuisance candidate. He filed his plea as early as Oct. 11, five days after Marcos filed his COC. The Comelec notified the media about the petition on Nov. 18.

Comelec’s Second Division, however, denied the petition a month after, saying Lihaylihay's evidence is "grossly insufficient considering that the COC it sought to cancel was not even attached to the petition." The case has been elevated to the en banc for reconsideration.

The poll body also noted that Marcos has “sufficiently established” that he has a bona fide intention to run for president.

4. Ilagan et al, Akbayan et al, Mangelen vs Marcos: Consolidated petitions to disqualify

Status: Pending

Bonifacio Ilagan led human rights advocates and martial law victims from the Organizers of the Campaign Against the Return of the Marcoses and Martial Law (Carmma) in filing the first petition to disqualify the presidential aspirant on Nov. 17.

The petitioners alleged that Marcos’ misrepresentation in his COC when he declared that he was never found guilty of any offense despite his tax conviction carries the accessory penalty of perpetual disqualification from holding public office.

The group initially asked Comelec to disqualify Marcos from the race and cancel his COC as president, but that petition was withdrawn and refiled to only limit the plea to disqualification.

Members of the Akbayan Citizens Action Party and other human rights advocates also cited Marcos’ tax conviction in the second disqualification petition against his bid.

The petition, filed on Dec. 2, cited a 2012 Supreme Court decision, saying the high tribunal held that the election body bears the constitutional duty to prevent candidates who are perpetually disqualified, like Marcos, from running repeatedly for public office.

National Commission on Muslim Filipinos Commissioner Abubakar Mangelen, who claims to be chairman of Marcos' political party, Partido Federal ng Pilipinas, filed the sixth petition on Dec. 2, arguing that Marcos did not follow the party guidelines since he was not a member of the party and his endorsement was a "big shock" to some officers and members of the PFP.

Marcos is the standard bearer of PFP after he was appointed chairman in October. The party’s secretary general, Gen. Thompson Lantion, previously said that Mangelen was ousted from the party at its convention in September.

These three consolidated petitions remain pending in the Comelec First Division.

5. Salandanan et al. vs. Marcos: Petition to disqualify

Status: Pending

The fourth disqualification plea came from members of Pudno Nga Ilokano, a group of Ilocanos claiming that the so-called “Solid North” does not exist anymore. The group, led by Margarita Salandanan and represented by legal counsel Paolo Santiago, filed the petition on Dec. 7.

The group also cited Marcos’ tax conviction and argued that he was penalized with perpetual special disqualification from the right of suffrage, which bars him from running for president in the 2022 elections. This case is still pending in the poll body's second division.

‘Nuisance’

Marcos’ camp repeatedly dismissed the petitions as nothing but “nuisance cases.” His spokesperson Vic Rodriguez said that all these cases were already being addressed by the legal team.

Marcos is represented by former solicitor general Estelito Mendoza, who previously defended martial law under his father’s regime. The veteran lawyer also got President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, Sen. Bong Revilla, and former Sen. Juan Ponce Enrile out of detention from their plunder cases.

In late December, the presidential hopeful also tapped another set of lawyers to handle the disqualification cases filed against him. The new counsel comes from M & Associates, the law firm of his wife Louise.

The Comelec previously said it hopes to resolve Marcos’ cases and release the final list of candidates for the 2022 elections by yearend.

This story will be updated as more information on the petitions against Marcos comes in.

CNN Philippines' Glee Jalea and Melissa Lopez contributed to this report.