The 2019 Philippine midterm elections: What you need to know

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Metro Manila (CNN Philippines) — It’s election season once again.

While President Rodrigo Duterte’s name is not on the ballot in the May 13 midterm elections, the polls are seen as a referendum on his performance in the first three years of his term.

Tens of millions of registered voters are expected to head to polling precincts to select local government officials and members of both houses of Congress, The President has endorsed some candidates while the political opposition has fielded its own contestants.

Here’s what you need to know about the 2019 Philippine midterm elections.

How many people are registered to vote this year?

There are 61,843,750 registered voters nationwide. Over 2.3 million of them are new voters, who registered last year.

The number exceeds the 2 million maximum target of the Commission on Elections (COMELEC).

The total number of qualified voters is 13.76% higher than the 54.6 million in the 2016 national elections.

It includes the 1,822,173 overseas absentee voters (OAV), who began casting their votes last April 13.

How many voters actually participated in past elections?

The 2010, 2013, and 2016 elections had an average turnout of 78%.

Around 74% of voters turned up in the 2010 elections. In 2013, the number went up to 77%, Three years later, voter turnout had reached 82%.

Among the OAVs, 25.99% voted in 2010. In 2013, this dropped to 16.11% before rising to 31.3% in 2016.

The combined local and overseas absentee votes of 44,979,151 in the 2016 elections comprised only 0.95% of total ballots cast.

What’s the breakdown of registered voters according to gender?

The Philippines has 31,816,797 female registered voters, representing 51.45% of the total voting population. Male voters comprise 48.55% or 30,026,953.

What is the age breakdown of the voters?

The 18-29 years old age group or the youth sector comprise 30.48%, or 18,847,230, of all registered voter. Republic Act 8044 or the Youth in Nation-Building Act defines the youth sector as individuals who are 18 to 30 years old.

The age bracket of 30 to 44, which covers the Generation X, makes up 32.19% or 19,911,867 of total voters.

The remaining 23,084,653 or 37.33% of all voters are aged 45 to 64 years old.

Which parts of the Philippines have the most voters?

The top ten most vote-rich provinces comprise more than a third (30.98%) of all registered voters nationwide. They total 19,157,624. led by Cebu with 3,082,621 voters.

Luzon has 34,596,884 registered voters, or 55.94% of the voting population.

From a regional perspective, Region IV-A or CALABARZON has the most voters with 8,674,351.

Here is the list of voters per region:

REGION IV-A: 8,674,351

NCR: 7,074,603

REGION III: 6,829,661

REGION VII: 4,946,354

REGION VI: 4,808,839

REGION V: 3,647,711

REGION I: 3,331,394

REGION VIII: 3,051,649

REGION XI: 3,026,393

REGION X: 2,855,792

REGION XII: 2,431,265

REGION II: 2,194,418

REGION IX: 2,193,033

ARMM: 2,172,959

REGION IV-B: 1,831,328

CARAGA: 1,760,582

CAR: 1,013,418

Which parts of the world have the most number of Filipino absentee voters?

The OAV population has steadily increased through the years. From a mere 589,830 in 2010, the number grew to 737,759 in 2013 and in 2016, it reached 1,376,067.

Now, the number has grown some more to 1,822,173, composed mostly of land-based workers in the Middle East and Africa who number with 885,274.

In this election, the country with the most highest OAVs is Saudi Arabia at 326,551. Combined, countries with the most number of OAVs comprise 77.80% of all Filipino voters abroad.

How many elective posts are up for grabs?

There are 18,071 elective posts at stake in the 2019 elections.

There are 62 candidates vying for 12 Senate posts. For the House of Representatives, 614 aspirants are eyeing a seat in the 245-member chamber.

Here is the full list of elective posts:

Senator: 12

Party-List Representative: 61

Legislative District Representative: 244

Governor: 81

Vice Governor: 81

Member, Provincial Board: 780

City/Municipal Mayor: 1,634

City/Municipal Vice Mayor: 1,634

Member, City/Municipal Councilor: 13,544